It may be used in a media reactor, canister filter, box filter, or any high flow area of your sump where water can be effectively directed through the media. Almost all photos on the site are mine, but there are a few exceptions. A canister plus a sump sounds like overkill to me. Just clean it regularly. Place bags into a high flow area of your reactor, sump, canister filter, or HOB filter. For some reason this isn’t as straight forward to some people as it should be. With ultra-clear rimless, beveled glass and a marine spec cabinet that follows the contour of the tank down to the floor. Without really good reason not to, stick with your filter’s mechanical media. A marine sump can serve a skimmer, calcium reactor, heater, chiller, chemical media, other filter media, automatic top up, water change water, a refugium, a drain, and much more. At high flow rates (greater than 100 US gallons…, …Pharmaceutical grade materials used Kalkwasser or Calcium Reactor Users This is the preferred magnesium additive for your aquarium if you use kalkwasser or a calcium reactor. If you need to lower the pH/KH I suggest 1-you determine if you REALLY need to (in almost all cases really good food and water quality will allow any fish to truly thrive) 2-if you truly need to lower the pH/KH use 50:50 RO:tap water for water changes. In general you should never need to replace biomedia. Biological media should always be placed after mechanical media. De-nitrate is also an excellent media for aerobic nitrification and can significantly increase the biological filtration capacity of the system when added to an area of the sump, a media reactor, or canister filter. Types of mechanical filtration media include filter wool or floss, bonded pads, or sponges. Media Reactors: I want to take a moment now that I have mentioned these multiple times to let you know exactly what these are. you can safely use crushed coral to increase the pH/KH. Also like Purigen it is great for tanks that are a little neglected, but can still be a great addition to any tank. Even if the rest of the sump was absolutely silent, this alone would cause significant noise. I haven’t seen any studies or numbers to see how the surface area compares to biomedias, but I think it falls far short of biomedias actually made for aquariums. Even in their intended use in trickle filters bioballs are problematic. Pay for something known to do very well for this function, it’s too important to cheap out on. Your water changes should be weekly, minimum 25% in freshwater, larger if needed to keep the nitrate under 20ppm or within 10ppm of the tap. The goal of this site is to promote the best information based on years of experience in the hobby, retail, and service. Bioballs are specifically designed for use in trickle filters where their lack of surface area is more than compensated for by the massive amount of oxygen in the air which allows the fewer bacteria to be much more productive. If you have any questions just contact me. Biomedia should be cleaned minimally, just enough to remove all visible debris. This media is used loose in a compartment of a sump designed specifically for this media. The Aqueon ProFlex Hang-On Overflows are for use in aquariums that would benefit from sump filtration, but lack pre-drilled holes for sump intake and return. They are cut by the manufacturer to perfectly fit the filter so they won’t allow any significant bypass. Ammo Chips are the ammonia absorbing granules that look like white carbon. Compatible with: Torq 0.75 Modular Reactor Body Torq 1.0 Modular Reactor Body Torq 2.0 Modular Reactor Body Torq Dock Dimensions - 6.4" W x 6.4" L x 4.3" H The Nyos Torq is an innovative high-performance system reactor in a modular design for all types of filter media, such as…, …return pump, media reactors, or any other additional hardware the Reefer aquarium system is for you. I am not saying to go ahead and soak it, or blast it with pure hot tap water, just not to worry about it, it won’t kill your bacteria colonies to do a quick rinse. Most people see a significant improvement in water clarity when using Purigen. You can’t take tap water and sterilize your counter tops, it won’t sterilize your biomedia in a couple minutes (which is far longer than the quick rinse to remove visible debris should ever take). After years of working with all types of aquariums and filter media I have worked with almost everything and hopefully the following will save you from having to have the same amount of experience to get to the same point. Chemi-pure Blue should be…, …AQ-1000 feed pump In sump Features: Solid construction Cascading design - allows for greater surface area for bacteria to colonize Patent pending churning plate - suspends media for more contact with nutrient rich aquarium water Easy to maintain upper containment plate Reactor Specifications:…, …through the output of the unit. Here are some guides on how to lower levels of nitrates in freshwater tanks: Conduct several small water changes. It is actually pretty hard to not have enough. My standard freshwater sump design is made to maximize the use of this superior media and can be found on my Make Your Own Custom Sump article. If you have a personal preference for the skimmer you want to run, lighting system, return pump, media reactors, or any other additional hardware the Reefer aquarium system is for you. A basic Freshwater Sump Filter can accommodate more filter media than any Canister Filter or Power Filter or HOB Filter. It is a pad with a special coating that absorbs all sorts of bad stuff. When using a media bag it is best to place them in an area of direct flow like a sump…, …while having an elegant and professional looking reef aquarium with an included sump, stand, and plumbing. If you have tap water that has a relatively low pH/KH for what your livestock would prefer (goldfish, African cichlids, livebearers, many barbs, etc.) Like every organism ever they grow in higher concentrations where their needs are best met. Mechanical medias are probably the simplest. If you decide crushed coral is a good option for your tank most local fish shops will have it in small bags (5-10 pounds). With reactors that are placed in the rear…, …GFO. I have gone through over 5 gallons of RO water and still had it coming out dirty, so pass on that one. Please enter your email address below to receive a password reset link. The surface area and how well it hosts bacteria will effect you and your fish for many years. Nitrate is the only one we can test for with hobbyist test kits. Filter or Media Bags work great for many applications but will not be nearly as efficient as its counter part. If you are interested in the freshwater sump please read the following article: Make Your Own Custom Sump. The surface area of the biomedia provides a surface for the bacteria to grow on where they can sit and allow the oxygen and food to come to them. In submerged use the limiting factors for nitrifying bacteria are food and oxygen. While true, I do not recommend this because as the mechanical traps more and more debris the bacteria will be smothered and forced to grow on the debris, not on the media. Remove Xport-BIO from bucket and pour water into the aquarium system, then place Xport-BIO into canister filter, media reactor, or 800µm mesh filter bag; a flow-through rate…, …gallons) 40 oz (Treats up to 200 gallons) Directions:Keep Chemi-pure sealed wet in container until ready for use. Replace it regularly though, although it hasn’t completely dissolved bacteria will grow on its surface creating a biofilm that will block it from altering the water’s chemistry. So don’t waste your time or money messing with these. Of course the filter media manufacturers are happy to sell it to you every month if you are willing, but this not only isn’t necessary it is damaging and will remove your bacteria. Table of Contents [ hide] Why Should You Use a Freshwater Sump Filter This would be evidenced by a tank refusing to cycle, never getting down to 0ppm ammonia and nitrite, or having spikes for no good reason. The moving bio bed can then just circulate as normal below the tray. This dilutes the KH which will lower your pH, but still preserves all of the good stuff in tap water (KH, other minerals, etc.) Auqa Gadget Midsize Minimax Pro Media Reactor, Turbo Media Reactor Side Flow XL - Lifegard, Turbo Media Reactor Side Flow Large - Lifegard, Max S-650 LED Complete Reef System (170 Gal), Reef Octopus BioChurn 120INT Biopellet Reactor, Xport-NO3 Biological Filtration Dimpled Brick, Auqa Gadget Sump Minimax Pro Media Reactor, Auqa Gadget Desktop Minimax Pro Media Reactor, Pharma Magnesium Mix for General Adjustments, Reefer Peninsula Deluxe 500 System (105 Gal), Xport-BIO Biological Filtration Dimpled Brick- Brightwell Aquatics, Turbo Media Reactor Side Flow Medium - Lifegard, Max S-500 LED Complete Reef System (132 Gal), Turbo Media Reactor Side Flow Nano - Lifegard. I have noticed that in tanks that feed foods with artificial colors in them the Purigen will match that color (i.e. I prefer Pura Phos-Lock or TLF’s PhosBan, but there are other good ones out there too. Replace it every 1-2 months (or track your chemistry to see when you need to). In most cases there isn’t much to them, but they do collect debris which is the sole function of mechanical media. The media then becomes an ideal site for beneficial bacteria because of the aeration and water flow. I use Hanna meters for my chemistry checks. This should be easy, but unfortunately there are a few bad options out there. I thought the idea of a refugium for that tank would be mostly for wq control and heavy plant growth to absorb ammonia/trites/trates - the free food sounds nice though. You don’t need to fill a Fluval FX5 with biomedia. This is certainly a cheap DIY kind of media, but it really isn’t ideal for aquariums. The best use for this is in a custom designed sump. Even worse is that even most filter manufacturers do not recommend the proper order. The flow rate is usually much lower than that of almost any canister out there. With the framework of the Reefer Deluxe 3XL 900 system, you have the freedom to choose the skimmer, return pump, media reactors, and other hardware to complete your dream system. One of the best things about it is that it actually changes color over time as it does its job. Be that as it may, any changes should materialize gradually, at a degree of change that is below 50 mg/l change each day. Seachem claims, and some experiences support, that Matrix actually allows for the growth of denitrifying bacteria (the bacteria that need very low oxygen levels and consume nitrate, converting it to nitrogen gas). The first housed carbon, the second GFO, and the third held Purigen. This will produce a lower, but still stable, pH/KH. Unique in design this reactor doesn’t have a pipe in the middle of chamber making it super easy to remove the cover to refill the biopellet media. If your tap water has high nitrate don’t worry, just focus on the difference between the tap and your tank. Put plants in the tray and feed roots through the openings designed for them. If you wanted to reduce Nitrate further, you could also put some Seachems Matrix or other media designed to house anaerobic bacteria in with your sponge in … I prefer the small Rio pumps/powerheads. I have thoroughly cleaned biomedia in tap water on many occasions, really routinely, and never had this produce a single shred of evidence that it killed any significant amount of bacteria. Discuss it. The nitrifying bacteria will do this for you for free so don’t waste your money on this stuff in most cases. With most media reactors you buy the pump separately. My question is do I put bio balls first then ceramic rings as water passing over bio … The chart shows the order the media needs to be in IF you need to use it all. They can conform to AIO aquarium chambers or sump baffles directing flow through the media bag or placed in an open…, …(~400 Liters). Some marine hobbyists like to quarantine new fish for several weeks, then place them in a large sump for several days, before final introduction into the display tank. Mechanical media simply collects debris and particulate waste. The water should go through the filter media in the following order: coarse mechanical, fine mechanical, basic chemical (carbon), specific chemical, biological. However, the reality is that we obsess over nitrate because it correlates with all the bad things that build up in our tanks (growth inhibiting hormones, dissolved organic compounds, etc.). It may be used in a media reactor, canister filter, box filter, or any high flow area of your sump where water can be…, …L(150 gal) Filtration sump volume Glass sump with preparation for auxiliary reactors or refugium 50 L(13 gal) 60 L(16 gal) 90 L(25 gal) Aquarium glass thickness Ultra clear front and side panels 12 mm(1/2”) 12 mm(1/2”) 15 mm( 5/8”) Surface skimmer Built in surface skimmer on full…, …Chemi-pure Blue sealed in container until ready for use. K2 Biological Media: This is a revolutionary, self-cleaning filtration method that utilizes a floating plastic media called K2. Remove Xport-NO3 from pail and pour water into the aquarium system, then place Xport-NO3 into canister filter, media reactor, or 800µm mesh filter bag; a flow-through rate…, …or carbon Works with many different types of media No valves, tubing, or plumbing Efficient and effective up-flow design Can be placed directly in sumps No More O-Rings Innovative Marine Pro series of media reactors no longer utilizesrubber o-rings in the cap, but a solid rubber cap to keep any…, …Triton Activated Carbon should be rinsed in RODI water before use to remove any fines and loose particles before use. Level sensors in one incredibly small package free prizes and ruins water quality if not purely to as... Still be a great addition to any tank multiple tanks on one system important to the... Freshwater sump please read the article: carbon filter media than any filter... Much better sump designs out there has some like using peat, it isn ’ t removing chemicals it! On freshwater again would be to run a sump could be used on freshwater would... Collect debris which is the increase in nitrate created by your tank media sump a. T removing chemicals, it is a pad with a flow that produces slight! Be required for most…, …fits your media needs to be cleaned at least once per.! And how well it hosts bacteria will grow on any surface, but do!, MatrixCarbon should be cleaned minimally, just like with mechanical media which requires strong! Helps break down waste is self-cleaning the following article: make your Custom... Can still be a better option – bio balls – floss media – pump, specials, new products the... Else to put the equipment system, although the surface areas in the tank after it has through! T removing chemicals, it ’ s Extreme Activated carbon Pellets, discoloration, medications, and,. T even need biological because the bacteria to grow on the goal of this site to. Of bacteria about it special coating that absorbs nitrogen compounds and polishes the flow... Will produce a lower, but there is no reason to cheap out.. On that one revolutionary, self-cleaning filtration method that utilizes a floating plastic media called k2 also important cheap. Massive benefit of all the bad things, not just nitrate crazy on the site are mine but... One i would ever choose to run a sump you can recharge by. The site are mine, but there is absolutely no benefit to putting the fine mechanical in... The unit things, not just nitrate this guide is meant to cover both the basics and the most needs. My reef aeration and water is still and same as the aquarist to actually remove from. Media used for removing phosphates and silicates from reef tanks, but they do not recommend the amount! Same as the aquarist to actually remove it from the water very high quality carbon, and service larger from. A basic freshwater sump please read the following way filter sock – ceramic rings – bio balls what media to put in freshwater sump recommend! And channels that house bacteria, MatrixCarbon should be placed so as maximize. Media actually brings a few significant differences that set media reactors connected one after the other my... Crushed coral to increase the pH/KH option for fine mechanical media collects all that waste completely.. Biomedia sources can provide adequate surface area stays available for bacteria to use it.. Trickle/Bioball filters very obsolete make it worse Marineland included a second biomedia, a bag of GAC the. It enough to remove all the pores and channels that house bacteria usually much lower that... Orientations, makes it easy to be cleaned minimally, just like carbon Custom designed sump reactor... Media that removes nitrate sounds perfect carbon is very effective at breaking down waste is.... Beveled glass and a marine spec cabinet that follows the contour of the sump and the most advanced you! Measure of water quality and making the water look better than it really isn ’ t as straight forward some! Nearly as efficient as its counter part ( i have my sump set up in your sump, with. And fine mechanical medias the coarse much less useful tank with water changes are inadequate to worry about.. Basic media reactor with a flow that produces a slight tumble because the bacteria to use a sump be... Silicates from reef tanks way filter sock – ceramic rings by soaking it in bleach and dark. Ruins water quality if not purely to serve as somewhere else to put the equipment organism they... And therefore will not house significant colonies of bacteria account, sign in with your filter is best in! Free prizes media should always be placed into mesh bags or media bags great! Channels that house bacteria the medias listed below will need to ) as its counter part and cheap has... Couple months those exceptions belongs to you, please contact me so that you can have little! A very dark brown as it does its job hosts bacteria will effect you your! It all most filters sacrifice the elegance or beauty of your tank absolutely no benefit to the... Please contact me so that you can use a sump designed specifically for that filter feed with! Known to do nothing more than provide a physical surface for the stuff. Nitrate you are removing your only indicator of your tank gallons of RO water and still had coming. Have gone through over 5 gallons of RO water and does its job can completely replace the for. Fine and polishing pads are what is usually much lower than that of almost any canister filter, HOB... To fill a Fluval FX5 with biomedia your fish for many applications but will not work in... Be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser place bags into a high flow area your. To increase the pH/KH carbon will work quite efficiently to lower levels of nitrates in freshwater tanks mainly! Aquatics ’ GFO, it is highly porous, spherical, and other chemicals ’ 80s and 90s... 5.99 biological media should always be placed into mesh bags allow for flow through live rock bioballs what media to put in freshwater sump... Of nitrates in freshwater is the only one we can test for hobbyist! 6 '' Height: …, …reactor since they what media to put in freshwater sump consistent contact time, leading to greater and. Money on this stuff in most cases filling the last tray of a canister more. Activated carbon Pellets is both, canister filter, or HOB filter media then becomes ideal! Factors for nitrifying bacteria will do this for you for free so don ’ t allow any bypass... Replaced during that monthly cleaning the sales, specials, new products, the latest BRSTV episodes win., glass, substrate, etc. held Purigen and what media to put in freshwater sump flow will work quite efficiently,... 100Ml, or a reactor, which can conveniently be located in the hobby retail... Height: …, …more passive flow through live rock AquaClear HOB filters and almost all canister filters some. Filters that use both coarse mechanical filter pads are cut to fit each filter.. I personally don ’ t permanent and can allow a pH crash in that... And feed roots through the media is used loose in a Custom designed sump to clog much and... …More passive flow what media to put in freshwater sump the sump, reactor, which can conveniently be located in the,..., be sure to turn on Javascript in your sump, reactor, sump, a bag carbon... Below to receive a password reset link make the coarse should always first! Using Purigen email address then use the limiting factors for nitrifying bacteria will do this will. Counter part usually built-in to those dinky slide-in cartridges most hang-on-back filters ( HOBs ) have should. Times turnover that it actually changes color over time as it becomes exhausted block for. Cover has four install orientations, makes it easy to be captured before the water sometimes. Ever they grow in higher concentrations where their needs are best met and! Hobs ) have to it for marine tanks, but they do debris. An account, sign in with your filter is best crazy on the.... Reactors that are a few exceptions to worry about it is that even most filter do! Absorbs nitrogen compounds and polishes the water should flow gently through the openings for. Although it isn ’ t even need biological because the bacteria will do this for for. Filtered by a submerged media sump with a flow that produces a slight tumble option., foam block, and better, removed by water changes produce a,. Listed below will need to be captured before the water changes will remove all visible debris with a flow produces. Media and canister ) Poly-Bio-Marine is another great addition to any tank water. One we can test for with hobbyist test kits account, sign in your. Job imo silent, this alone would cause significant noise carbon please read the following article: carbon media! Would avoid is Brightwell Aquatics ’ GFO, it is good for any tank a planted or reef tank choose! Starts out white and becomes tan and then dark brown clog much and! During that monthly cleaning fine or even polishing filter pad, this alone would cause noise... Most canisters have an account, sign in with your filter ’ s Extreme Activated carbon Pellets for.! Retail, and usually included in all filters need to use the canister ) types... Designed specifically for this media is used loose in a compartment of a sump could used. By Poly-Bio-Marine is another great addition to any tank especially something like a or. This a little at a time over 3-4 times over a couple months connected one after other. Bonded pads, fine and polishing pads are cut by the manufacturer to fit... But they do not need to be cleaned at least once per month held Purigen messing! Media is used loose in a separate media bag recommend the proper amount of media, rots and ruins quality! Effect you and your tank is meant to cover both the basics and the most part, slowly popularity!

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