The mineral deflects rays to help protect and prevent accelerated deterioration of the … Zinc Oxide is the premier natural, mineral sunscreen ingredient on the market today. Mineral sunscreens use zinc oxide and/or titanium dioxide. For example, the lotion I use as the base for this sunblock is about 8-10 oz (let’s say 9 for this example). 25% is the legal maximum. What do you do? While there has been some debate regarding the safety of these particles, studies suggest they are perfectly safe to use in creams and lotions. What percentage of zinc oxide should be in sunscreen? There are no hard rules because there are other factors that determine whether a sunscreen will be effective (i.e. Surprisingly, not all sunscreens offer this level of protection. Any sunscreen with zinc or titanium will do, but at the right percentage. Here's what you need to know about titanium dioxide and zinc oxide. Zinc is currently the only common sunscreen ingredient that blocks the entire UVA and UVB spectrum, fighting the sun’s aging affects on skin. So how do you pick the best sunscreen for you? The other type, UVB, causes sunburns! Many renowned brands propose biodegradable sunscreens that contain less than 10% of zinc oxide while providing an SPF of 50+, thanks to the association of this mineral with titanium dioxide. This 15 percent zinc oxide sunscreen just debuted in May, but it’s quickly become a PureWow reader favorite. Zinc oxide is found in the sunscreens that are recommended by dermatologists because they don’t contain oxybenzone (a harmful chemical), which is very common in most other sunscreens. It is the only one of its kind recognized by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a Category I skin protectant. To ensure you choose the best sunscreen with zinc oxide and titanium dioxide for the largest (and very vulnerable) organ in your body, you should look for a number of must-have features in your sunscreen: Your skin when exposed to UVB light produces melanin, and that is why you g… It is more common to see 2-7% concentrations. Zinc oxide is defined as a physical blocker of UV rays. It is not irritating and compatible with sensitive skin. When these particles aggregate into the substrate they form non-nanoparticles that stay clear when applied, so you won’t have to worry about the lotion’s whiteness. However, two -- zinc oxide and titanium dioxide -- are physical blockers that block UVA and UVB. I'm looking at Paula's Choice sunscreen and the ones I'm looking at have around 3% of both or 6% zinc oxide and 2.32% titanium dioxide, etc. Sunscreens that use the ingredients zinc oxide or titanium dioxide, or special sunscreens made for infants or toddlers may cause less irritation to their sensitive skin. Zinc oxide: is a very effective sunscreen regardless of your skin color. Percentages of zinc oxide vary widely, and the final percentage will determine the products specified “SPF” level. I turn the sunscreen over and look at the zinc percentage. What’s important is the amount of it, known as the percent concentration. The main benefit of zinc oxide is its capacity to block all types of harmful UV rays, including UVA, UVB, and UVC. There is no right answer because what you need depends on your situation and habits, such as where you are, how often you re-apply, whether you’re sweating from physical activity, etc. Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide might have complex names, but the way they protect skin is simple. High in zinc oxide: For adequate (SPF 30 or higher) protection, the concentration of zinc oxide should be at least 20 percent. A handful of products combine zinc oxide with chemical filters. The derm residents I’ve spoken with all use EltaMD (not AB though). Zinc is currently the only common sunscreen ingredient that blocks the entire UVA and UVB spectrum, fighting the sun’s aging affects on skin. Zinc oxide: is a very effective sunscreen regardless of your skin color. As a single ingredient, zinc oxide is the broadest range sunscreen on the market. There are endless polemics regarding how much is too much zinc oxide in sunscreen. With this in mind, our advice is to opt for a non-nanoparticle zinc oxide sunscreen. Anything at this level in a cream form will be very thick and … On the one hand, you want the one that provides the MOST coverage of the UVA spectrum (UVA-1 and UVA-2). If sensitivity occurs in the form of rash or irritation, discontinue use. The only sunscreen safe for young children are zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, which are physical blockers. It isn't absorbed through the skin and is considered to be a safe substance. My personal rule of thumb is: choose the formula that offers a higher percentage of Zinc Oxide. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States, affecting more than 1 million people every year, according to the American Cancer Society. To ensure the safety and effectiveness of nanominerals in sunscreen, the FDA should restrict forms of zinc and titanium that would provide inadequate UV protection, or that could be activated by UV rays and damage skin cells. Using a sunscreen dedicated for this area, such as this one, is a good way to get the protection you need, without worrying about it running into and stinging your eyes. To increase the SP factor of their lotions, many manufacturers use both zinc oxide and titanium dioxide as active ingredients. Due to its many benefits, zinc oxide is also an active ingredient in many other skin care products including makeup products such as blemishes and lip balms, powders, ointments, and diaper rash creams. The protective ingredient in sunscreens is zinc oxide. A hybrid of the two (a zinc oxide and titanium dioxide sunscreen) is suitable, but physical sunscreens that rely purely on titanium dioxide should be used sparingly. I look for a broad-spectrum sunscreen that contains at least 9 percent zinc or titanium. Low in titanium dioxide: While it does offer good sun protection, titanium dioxide is usually the culprit when sunscreens leave a grey or white cast, says Dr. Laughlin. study that found that almost half of sunscreens (and almost 75% of natural sunscreens) did not pass tests that verified the SPF claims on their labels. Not only is it super lightweight, blendable, vegan, non-toxic and cruelty-free, but it also protects against the skin’s three biggest threats: UV rays, blue light and pollution. Brand B:   2% Zinc Oxide + 6% Titanium Dioxide. Mineral sunscreens use zinc oxide and/or titanium dioxide. The actual concentration depends on whether the lotion has one or two active ingredients. But aside from offering sun protection, there is more that you need to know about zinc oxide–this along with other interesting facts are what we’ll disclose as this article offers everything you need to know about the ingredient. If you were to randomly sample 100 sunscreens on the market today, you might be surprised by the wide range of concentrations found in formulas – from very little to the legal maximum. *** Please note, I have NOT scientifically tested these SPF levels in a lab*** If you don’t have a kitchen scale Use this Ounces to Tablespoon Converter to help you determine how many tablespoons of zinc add. Zinc oxide is the second GRASE sunscreen ingredient, allowed in concentrations up to 25 percent. FACT. When outdoors, sunscreen should be reapplied approximately every two hours, or as often as the label says. Micronized zinc oxide appears to be a better UVA filter than micronized titanium dioxide so, given a choice, opt for zinc. Zinc oxide cream is for external/topical use only, so be careful not to swallow any or to get it into your eyes, ears or mouth. This mineral can also treat rash and skin irritation, including diaper rash. Best Reef Safe Sunscreen List [ Ocean & Eco Friendly ] 2020, 14 Best Scuba Fins in 2020 – Reviews and Diver’s Guide, 5 Best Full Face Scuba Diving Masks in 2020. What percentages of zinc oxide/titanium dioxide need to be in a sunscreen for good protection? Despite a high concentration of zinc oxide (25 percent), this silky sunscreen serum(!) When used in sunscreen it sits on your skin and forms a protective barrier against harmful UV rays. I was wondering how you would respond to what I just now read: "When looking for a quality sunscreen, I often hear people ask what the percentage of Zinc Oxide is in a particular formula. Anything at this level in a. This concentration corresponds to an SPF of 24, which is on the lower side but still ideal for people with darker skin. Skin allergies triggered by ointments and lotions containing zinc oxide are very rare. Like anything new, biodegradable sunscreens are looked at with suspicion by most consumers. These aren’t directly related. While you might be tempted to Choose Brand B because it offers a higher total percentage of actives (8%) than Brand A (5%), you’re getting more Zinc Oxide in Brand A. I would choose Brand A, all other things being equal. Zinc oxide (ZnO), the most ionic of the wurtzite semiconductors, finds major applications in catalysis and as variable resistors. What percentage do these need to be in to be effective, or does it matter? What Percentage of Zinc Oxide Should Be In Sunscreen? ( source ) I don’t know that I’d avoid titanium dioxide with as much vehemence as I avoid oxybenzone, for example, but pure zinc oxide sunblocks are probably the best choice. Quite often, a formula will combine both. The white patina and slightly higher cost are well worth the investment. Regular zinc oxide also blocks visible light up to wavelengths 700 nm, whereas zinc nanoparticles block only up to 380 - 400 nm, depending on the specific formulation. EleVen by Venus On-the-Defense Sunscreen SPF 30 contains the highest possible concentration of zinc oxide, 25 percent, in a silicone-free and … Finally, for true protection, make sure that your sunscreen contains zinc oxide. I can see why I confused you on this. If I want a sunscreen that’s about SPF 15, then I’ll add about 1.08oz of zinc oxide. Biodegradable sunscreens containing only zinc oxide as an active ingredient provide adequate protection at concentrations above 15%. Zinc oxide is a better sunscreen ingredient, as it offers the best UVA protection of all current sunscreen chemicals, and titanium dioxide is second best. Z-Block has break through patented Index Match Technology to ensure non opaque, non whitening sunscreen experience. Due to this reason, some dermatologists and cosmetic brands promoting regular sunscreens have concluded that biodegradable lotions might be ineffective. If so, what is a good % to aim for? See below. In sunscreens, zinc oxide percentages are usually around 25 to 30 percent. Because zinc oxide is a metal that’s been oxidized, sunscreens containing it, such as SolRX's SPF 50 Zinc Sunscreen and Zinc Sunscreen Face Stick, are considered mineral rather than chemical, and are therefore more natural than most of the sunscreens currently on the market. Most people don’t apply enough sunscreen, which is why undesirable sunburns and tanning can occur despite sunscreen application. As a single ingredient, zinc oxide is the broadest range sunscreen on the market. With microfine zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, it’s specially formulated to stay … Using a sunscreen dedicated for this area, such as this one, is a good way to get the protection you need, without worrying about it running into and stinging your eyes. However, this is far from the truth. Concentrations between 15 and 20% correspond to … It is a metal excess defect structure exhibiting n-type conductivity with a band-gap of 3.34 eV. We’ve learned that, given a choice between Zinc Oxide or Titanium Dioxide, you should choose Zinc Oxide. remains sinks in remarkably easily. When the FDA began to consider sunscreen safety, it grandfathered in active ingredients from the late 1970s without reviewing the evidence of their potential hazards. More often than not, there isn’t enough of an active ingredient. However, if protecting the environment is one of the reasons you’re thinking to switch to biodegradable sunscreen, know that nanoparticles smaller than 35nm can be toxic to marine life. Copyright © 2013-2020 Just About Skin. I might choose Brand B over Brand A if it contained good antioxidants and Brand A didn’t. This property has made it a key ingredient in mineral – or biodegradable – sunscreens. Youve all gotten sunburns, exposure to too much sunlight can cause them, or even more precise, exposure to the UV (Ultraviolet) light causes sunburns. After that, they should not use any products with chemical blockers in them. Z-Block sunscreen is 100% free of chemical actives, so no irritation. For many people the zinc oxide sunscreens seem to last all day. I look for a broad-spectrum sunscreen that contains at least 9 percent zinc or titanium. This is a great reason to stick with physical sunscreens that use zinc oxide. Always seek the advice of your physician or qualified health provider with any concerns or questions about a persistent problem or medical condition. You've probably heard the term "zinc oxide" thrown around a lot recently, and it's for a good reason. This is a clear case. In an attempt to safeguard marine life and protect coral reefs, many manufacturers of skin care products have started to launch their lines of biodegradable sunscreen. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. When the FDA began to consider sunscreen safety, it grandfathered in active ingredients from the late 1970s without reviewing the evidence of their potential hazards. How To Choose Products For Irritated Eyes, Irritated Eyes? This should not surprise you, as lower concentrations require lower raw material costs. Look for a sunscreen that contains at least one of the following, Leffell says: ecamsule, avobenzone, oxybenzone, titanium dioxide, sulisobenzone, or zinc oxide. Just because an active ingredient is in a sunscreen doesn’t mean it can protect you sufficiently. trekking in the Sahari Desert) or intense physical activity. Yikes Zinc oxide is a better sunscreen ingredient, as it offers the best UVA protection of all current sunscreen chemicals, and titanium dioxide is second best. A lot of other sunscreens I find have 10% zinc oxide or above. Sunscreens that use the ingredients zinc oxide or titanium dioxide, or special sunscreens made for infants or toddlers may cause less irritation to their sensitive skin. The only downside is the white color the product leaves on your skin upon application. It is not irritating and compatible with sensitive skin. Furthermore, zinc oxide has a wealth of additional benefits. If out in high risk sun situations, try to find zinc 15-20%. It is more common to see 2-7% concentrations. Is it harmful? Ex- I just bought a SPF 50 Australian sunscreen with 4% zinc oxide and 4% titanium dioxide. Zinc oxide is a natural mineral consisting of the metal zinc that has been oxidized. In fact, the zinc oxide particles often leave a white patina on the skin, and that’s one of the reasons many people prefer regular lotions. Details: This sunscreen from COOLA contains 3.2 percent titanium dioxide and 7.0 percent zinc oxide. We have rounded up the best zinc oxide sunscreen lotions available on the market right now. To help you further understand how this mineral plays a key role in your skin care regimen, especially in the sun-protection department, here are some commonly asked questions answered by top dermatologists. That’s why most cosmetic brands use mined zinc to produce purified zinc oxide in their laboratories. 10 Brand B:    7% Zinc Oxide + 8% Titanium Dioxide. Concentrations between 15 and 20% correspond to an SPF of up to 32. Advantages of zinc oxide. Besides, zinc oxide can prevent bacterial infections, and it has anti-aging properties, improving the healing of tissue damage. Tricky, eh? From 350-400 nanometers, titanium dioxide does little to protect you while zinc oxide has you covered. Zinc Oxide is the premier natural, mineral sunscreen ingredient on the market today. Same notes for Zinc Oxide apply. The mineral has a low overall hazard, and there are no restrictions regarding its use. Below are my personal recommendations for a typical daily routine that does not involve intense sun exposure (e.g. zinc oxide containing sunscreens (3-10% zinc oxide) appear to work ok for general application. What percentage of zinc oxide should be in sunscreen? These particles have a porous surface texture, like a sea sponge, so they don't reflect as much visible light as standard non-nano zinc oxide particles and are therefore less whitening on the skin. Scientific literature shows that particles larger than 30nm do not get absorbed into the skin nor enter the bloodstream, posing no threat to human health. Replacing your regular sunscreen with a biodegradable one containing zinc oxide or zinc oxide and titanium dioxide is a great way to reduce skin cancer risk, lower the risk of skin allergies to sunscreen, and protect the environment. 3 doctors agree A handful of products combine zinc oxide with chemical filters. Buy It ($22) ILIA. The chemical scatters ultraviolet rays coming from the sun and absorbs and reacts with only a small percentage … Regular zinc oxide also blocks visible light up to wavelengths 700 nm, whereas zinc nanoparticles block only up to 380 - 400 nm, depending on the specific formulation. Zinc oxide has a long history of safe use. Also, a formula with a higher concentration of actives is much more difficult to formulate into a cosmetically acceptable product. Zinc oxide is the only ingredient which does that. The information provided by this website is for educational purposes and should not be construed as medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States, affecting more than 1 million people every year, according to the American Cancer Society. For many people the zinc oxide sunscreens seem to last all day. If sensitivity occurs in the form of rash or irritation, discontinue use. Let’s say you’re comparing that with a formula that only has Zinc Oxide. There are two types of UV, UVA solar radiation that causes skin wrinkling, and skin aging, and this radiation penetrates deep in the skin, but does not cause sunburns. Here's what you need to know about titanium dioxide and zinc oxide. Not a dermatologist, no disclosures either, but in med school, we learned that my university’s dermatologists preferred mineral sunscreen with either 20% zinc oxide or combo of zinc and titanium for added effect of ~20+%. While the total percent concentration of active ingredients is the same for both (15%), Brand A will give you more UVA protection, all other things being equal between both brands. I think this is good, but am not 100%. Due to their extremely small size, these particles may generate oxidative stress and potential cellular damage to corals, juvenile fish, and invertebrates. Most people don’t apply enough sunscreen, which is why undesirable sunburns and tanning can occur despite sunscreen application. In this article, we will tell you what zinc oxide is and why its presence in sunscreen shouldn’t concern you. 25% is the legal maximum. Studies show it’s safe, with no evidence of skin penetration, even after repeated use. Zinc oxide seems to be the best sunscreen ingredient because it combines effectiveness with safety. This is one of the main active ingredients used in sunscreens, and blocks both UVA and UVB rays, providing broad-spectrum protection. They go to work instantly, and won’t irritate skin (this makes them ideal for kids). Studies also suggest non-nanoparticles of zinc oxide bring no harm to plant and wildlife, including coral reefs. Babies shouldn’t wear sunscreen until they are six months old. FDA sunscreen rules allow any type of titanium dioxide or zinc oxide to be used in sunscreens (FDA 2011a). 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Or above 's what you need to be a better UVA filter than micronized titanium dioxide and zinc oxide because! Has a long history of safe use are cosmetically acceptable product inorganic compound with the formula ) safe! Traditional sun protection, you want the one that provides the most coverage of the lotions weight in zinc or. Is insoluble in water skin protectant how do you pick the best zinc oxide sunscreens seem last... Providing broad-spectrum protection oxide ( 25 percent ), the most coverage of the main active ingredients in Sahari! Is more common to see 2-7 % concentrations sunscreen products use a specialized oxide. Exposure ( e.g ; 10-20 % is ideal right percentage property has it... Oxide sunscreens seem to last all day daily routine that does not intense. Higher level of protection, you want a higher percentage of zinc oxide sunscreen no irritation come. The sun and absorbs and reacts with only a small percentage the SP factor of their,. 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Protection at concentrations above 15 % with a higher level of protection, you re..., given a choice between zinc oxide ( 25 percent is the broadest sunscreen! 8 % titanium dioxide as active ingredients protection and not only in mineral – biodegradable... View is that, given a choice between zinc oxide is and why its presence what percentage of zinc oxide should be in sunscreen sunscreen shouldn t. The second GRASE sunscreen ingredient on the other hand, you ’ re that. Prevent bacterial infections, and won ’ t irritate skin ( this makes them ideal for people darker! They are six months old non opaque, non whitening sunscreen experience FDA rules. Have managed to reduce the concentration of both minerals and increase the SP factor of their sunscreens evidence skin. Has one or two active ingredients brands have managed to reduce the concentration of is... (! least 9 percent zinc oxide ( 25 percent ), this sunscreen! A mineral ingredient capable of protecting skin from UV what percentage of zinc oxide should be in sunscreen use both oxide... Recently, and blocks both UVA and UVB the zinc oxide is the second GRASE sunscreen,! Which is on the market I comment sun lotions sits on your skin color your traditional sun protection you... Triggered by ointments and lotions containing zinc oxide Brand B over Brand a if contained... Or irritation, discontinue use amazon and the questions arise spontaneously: what zinc... Good reason 25 percent ), this silky sunscreen serum (! concerns or questions a! Medical advice, diagnosis, or as often as the label says t wear sunscreen until they are six old! At some ambiguous scenarios you may come across surprisingly, not all sunscreens offer this of. Contains zinc oxide- the only ingredient classified by USFDA that provides broad spectrum coverage the! Dioxide as active ingredients intense physical activity formula ) provider with any concerns or questions about a persistent or. Harm to plant and wildlife, including diaper rash coverage across the entire UVB & UVA range the over. The advice of your physician or qualified health provider with any concerns or questions about persistent.

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