Based on its annual growth rate, its population is estimated to be 15,173,264 in 2020. [90] The botanical garden and the tulip gardens of Srinagar built in the Zabarwans grow 300 breeds of flora and 60 varieties of tulips respectively. Srinagar is … This canal receives water from Jhelum River at the entry point of city and again merges with Jhelum river beyond the city limits.[46]. Further, according to the Centre for Policy Studies, during 2001-11, the population growth of Kashmir Valley of 25.8 per cent outpaced Jammu’s 21.4 per cent. India controls 101,338 km2 (39,127 sq mi) of the disputed territory, Pakistan controls 85,846 km2 (33,145 sq mi), and the People's Republic of China controls the remaining 37,555 km2 (14,500 sq mi). Srinagar is … Transport is predominantly by air or road vehicles in the region. [66] After the Indian Rebellion of 1857, in which Kashmir sided with the British, and the subsequent assumption of direct rule by Great Britain, the princely state of Kashmir came under the suzerainty of the British Crown. As the Kashmiris had suffered under the Afghans, they initially welcomed the new Sikh rulers. The two countries have fought several declared wars over the territory. "Kashmir Dispute: An International Law Perspective", National Institute of Pakistan Studies. Regional area and population totals for 1971 and 1981 and1981 densities are indicated in the table below. [35][36] He was born in the Kashmir Valley[37] in a family of scholars and mystics and studied all the schools of philosophy and art of his time under the guidance of as many as fifteen (or more) teachers and gurus. Ten districts in Kashmir valley (Kashmir Division of the Jammu and Kashmir state) had population of 6,907,623 as per 2011 census. [86] The 2014 Kashmir floods inundated the Kashmir city of Srinagar and submerged hundreds of other villages. Karakoram has four eight-thousander mountain peaks with K2, the second highest peak in the world at 8,611 m (28,251 ft). The Hindus were found mainly in Jammu, where they constituted a little less than 50% of the population. The upper portion of the Jhelum valley forms the proper Vale of Kashmir surrounded by high mountain ranges. [53] Persian was introduced in Kashmir by the Šāh-Miri dynasty (1349–1561) and started to flourish under Sultan Zayn-al-ʿĀbedin (1420–70). [5] That year, the Sikhs, under Ranjit Singh, annexed Kashmir. While 57,532 people have recovered, there are 3,925 active cases. [67][71] Driven into docility by chronic indebtedness to landlords and moneylenders, having no education besides, nor awareness of rights,[67] the Muslim peasants had no political representation until the 1930s.[71]. Until the mid-19th century, the term "Kashmir" denoted only the Kashmir Valley between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal Range. Instead the Maharaja appealed to Mountbatten[72] for assistance, and the governor-general agreed on the condition that the ruler accede to India. According to Census of India 2011, Jammu and Kashmir recorded a population of … Meanwhile, the Kashmir Valley has been largely invisible since Aug. 5. The Kashmir region has four well defined zones of vegetation in the tree growth, due to the difference in elevation. She was a notable ruler who is often credited for saving Srinagar city from frequent floods by getting a canal constructed, named after her "Kutte Kol". [38] In his long life he completed over 35 works, the largest and most famous of which is Tantrāloka, an encyclopaedic treatise on all the philosophical and practical aspects of Trika and Kaula (known today as Kashmir Shaivism). [75][1], The eastern region of the former princely state of Kashmir is also involved in a boundary dispute that began in the late 19th century and continues into the 21st. Further in 1808, it was fully conquered by Maharaja Ranjit Singh. India claims those areas, including the area "ceded" to China by Pakistan in the Trans-Karakoram Tract in 1963, are a part of its territory, while Pakistan claims the entire region excluding Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract. However, since the plebiscite demanded by the UN was never conducted, relations between India and Pakistan soured,[73] and eventually led to two more wars over Kashmir in 1965 and 1999. [1], The population of Indian-administered union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh combined is 12,541,302[107] and Pakistani-administered territory of Azad Kashmir is 2,580,000 and Gilgit-Baltistan is 870,347. The Buddhist Mauryan emperor Ashoka is often credited with having founded the old capital of Kashmir, Shrinagari, now ruins on the outskirts of modern Srinagar. So how did the demography of Jammu and Kashmir change between Independence and now? [64] Along with his able general Zorawar Singh Kahluria, he conquered and subdued Rajouri (1821), Kishtwar (1821), Suru valley and Kargil (1835), Ladakh (1834–1840), and Baltistan (1840), thereby surrounding the Kashmir Valley. [108], A Muslim shawl-making family shown in Cashmere shawl manufactory, 1867, chromolithograph, William Simpson, A group of Pundits, or Brahmin priests, in Kashmir, photographed by an unknown photographer in the 1890s, Brokpa women from Kargil, northern Ladakh, in local costumes. While 57,532 people have recovered, there are 3,925 active cases. It is in the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Pearson Indian History Manual for the UPSC Civil Services Page 104 "However, the situation changed with the ending of the Hindu rule and founding of the Shahmiri dynasty by Shahmir or Dhams-ud-din (1339–1342). While 57,532 people have recovered, there are 3,925 active cases. 5.24%), and in the frontier wazarats of Ladhakh and Gilgit only 94 out of every 10,000 persons (0.94%). "[100] In the same Census of 1901, in the Kashmir Valley, the total population was recorded to be 1,157,394, of which the Muslim population was 1,083,766, or 93.6% and the Hindu population 60,641. The followers of Buddhism inhabit the Ladakh area of Jammu and Kashmir State. The temperatures ranges from the tropical heat of the Punjab summer to the intensity of the cold which keeps the perpetual snow on the mountains. In addition, Indian corn, wheat, barley and oats were also grown. The southern door of Sarvajna Pitha was opened by Adi Shankara. "Kashmir–Fundamentalism Takes Root". [6] Akbar added it to the Kabul Subah (encompassing modern-day northeastern Afghanistan, northern Pakistan and the Kashmir Valley of India), but Shah Jahan carved it out as a separate subah (imperial top-level province) with its seat at Srinagar. The Astore Valley and some parts of Gilgit-Baltistan features a semi-Tibatan climate. The Himalayas terminate in the Western boundary of Kashmir at Nanga Parbat. Gulab Singh, then a youngster in the House of Jammu, enrolled in the Sikh troops and, by distinguishing himself in campaigns, gradually rose in power and influence. It flows from east to west and runs a course through entire Ladakh and Gilgit-Baltistan. A single cloudburst in July, 1935 caused the upper Jehlum river level to rise 11 feet. At least 711 bird species are recorded in the valley alone with 31 classified as globally threatened species.[98][99]. East and … The United Nations was then invited to mediate the quarrel. [93][94], Kashmir region is home to rare species of animals, many of which are protected by sanctuaries and reserves. The Kashmir Valley (Urdu: وادی کشمیر) or Vale of Kashmir is a valley between the Karakoram and the Pir Panjal Range. Indian soldiers entered Kashmir and drove the Pakistani-sponsored irregulars from all but a small section of the state. In a country dominated by Hindu Religion (79%), Jammu and Kashmir is only union territories in India where Muslim population exceeds the Hindu religion. Kashmir, region of the northwestern Indian subcontinent. The main part of the text forms a dialogue between Vashistha and Rama, interchanged with numerous short stories and anecdotes to illustrate the content. Hence, it was anticipated that the maharaja would accede to Pakistan when the British paramountcy ended on 14–15 August. (estimated). You will find the valley brimming with Muslim population. Pakistan was left with territory that, although basically Muslim in character, was thinly populated, relatively inaccessible, and economically underdeveloped. Jammu and Azad Kashmir lie outside Pir Panjal range,[clarification needed] and are under Indian and Pakistani control respectively. The lowest part of the region are the plains of Jammu to the southwest which are continueos to the plains of Punjab at an elevation of below 1000 feet above sea level. [5] Kashmir was part of the Mughal Empire from 1586 to 1751,[6] and thereafter, until 1820, of the Afghan Durrani Empire. [83], The geographical features of the region differ considerably from one part to another. Evans, Alexander. The Hindus were found mainly in Jammu, where they constituted a little less than 60% of the population. [74], Although there was a clear Muslim majority in Kashmir before the 1947 partition and its economic, cultural, and geographic contiguity with the Muslim-majority area of the Punjab (in Pakistan) could be convincingly demonstrated, the political developments during and after the partition resulted in a division of the region. Jammu and Kashmir is the only union territories in India where Muslim followers exceeds hindu population. [100] Among the Hindus of Jammu province, who numbered 626,177 (or 90.87% of the Hindu population of the princely state), the most important castes recorded in the census were "Brahmans (186,000), the Rajputs (167,000), the Khattris (48,000) and the Thakkars (93,000). Kashmir became the northernmost region of Mughal India as well as a pleasure ground in the summertime. Saffron, too, is grown in Kashmir. The mountains begin at 2000 feet followed by the Outer Hills, a rugged country with ridges and long narrow valleys between 3000 and 4000 feet. [1][2], The word Kashmir was derived from the ancient Sanskrit language and was referred to as káśmīra. [5] In 1846, after the Sikh defeat in the First Anglo-Sikh War, and upon the purchase of the region from the British under the Treaty of Amritsar, the Raja of Jammu, Gulab Singh, became the new ruler of Kashmir. The population of Jammu and Kashmir continued to increase fairly rapidly from the late 20th into the early 21st century, growing by nearly one-fourth between 2001 and 2011. The religious compostion was 97.16% Muslim and 2.84% Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist and others. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFLeslie2003 (. With its administrative centre in the town of Gilgit, the Northern Areas cover an area of 72,971 square kilometres (28,174 sq mi) and have an estimated population approaching 1 million (10 lakhs). Muslim ulama, such as Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani, arrived from Central Asia to proselytize in Kashmir and their efforts converted thousands of Kashmiris to Islam[52] and Hamadani's son also convinced Sikander Butshikan to enforce Islamic law. The Buddhist Mauryan emperor Ashoka is often credited with having founded the old capital of Kashmir, Shrinagari, now ruins on the outskirts of modern Srinagar. and Rhododendron spp. [77] It is bordered to the north and east by China (Xinjiang and Tibet), to the northwest by Afghanistan (Wakhan Corridor), to the west by Pakistan (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab) and to the south by India (Himachal Pradesh and Punjab). In the Kashmir Valley, Muslims formed 93.6 per cent of population while Hindus were "524 in every 10,000 of the population" meaning 5.24 per cent. Their population share remained almost constant over the … The union territories recorded a growth of 323,854 new births from its last year (2019) population figure of 14,849,410. By the mid-1950s the Chinese army had entered the north-east portion of Ladakh. Gilgit-Baltistan, formerly known as the Northern Areas, is a group of territories in the extreme north, bordered by the Karakoram, the western Himalayas, the Pamir, and the Hindu Kush ranges. Entire union territories of Jammu and Kashmir consists of 22 districts which are headed under 3 divisions of Jammu, Kashmir Valley and Ladakh. In 1822, he was anointed as the Raja of Jammu. Kashmir is also believed to be the country meant by Ptolemy's Kaspeiria. Demographics A mosque in Srinagar. Beyond this range lies a wide tract of moutaneous country from 17000 to 22000 feet. [45], Queen Kota Rani was medieval Hindu ruler of Kashmir, ruling until 1339. Kashmir. According to India Today, the total population of the Kashmir valley is somewhere around 7 million with a 97 percent Muslim majority. The word has been referenced to in a Hindu scripture mantra worshipping the Hindu goddess Sharada and is mentioned to have resided in the land of kashmira, or which might have been a reference to the Sharada Peeth. Remember that Kashmir’s population growth is almost exclusively Muslim, while Jammu’s is mixed. The temperate zone between (1,500–3,500 m) is referred as the Chir Pine (Finns longifolia). [97] The region is home to musk deer, markhor, leopard cat, jungle cat, red fox, jackal, Himalayan wolf, serow, Himalayan yellow-throated marten, long-tailed marmot, Indian porcupine, Himalayan mouse-hare, langur and Himalayan weasel. Total population of Jammu and Kashmir as per 2011 census is 12,541,302 of which male and female are 6,640,662 and 5,900,640 respectively. Although some boundary agreements were signed between Great Britain, Afghanistan and Russia over the northern borders of Kashmir, China never accepted these agreements, and China's official position has not changed following the communist revolution of 1949 that established the People's Republic of China. While 57,532 people have recovered, there are 3,925 active cases. Almost the whole brunt of official corruption is borne by the Muslim masses. Area: 86,000 square miles. The region is almost uninhabited, and has no permanent settlements. Retrieved 27 March 2007, from, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFZutshi2003 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBose1997 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFRai2004 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMalik2005 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMadan2008 (, List of Jammu and Kashmir-related articles, Theory of Kashmiri descent from lost tribes of Israel, "A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages", "Pakistani flag hoisted, pro-freedom slogans chanted in Indian Occupied Kashmir – Daily Pakistan Global", "Pakistani flag hoisted once again in Indian Occupied Kashmir", The Mokṣopāya, Yogavāsiṣṭha and Related Texts, "Gallery – The journey to the Pradyumnaśikhara", The State of Research to date on the Yogavastha (Moksopaya), "The Regions of Sind, Baluchistan, Multan and Kashmir", Madan, Kashmir, Kashmiris, Kashimiriyat 2008, Bose, Roots of Conflict, Paths to Peace 2003, "Article 370: What happened with Kashmir and why it matters", "Longest non polar glaciers in the world", "Indus River | Definition, Length, Map, History, & Facts", "Climatological Information for Srinagar, India", "India Pakistan floods: Kashmir city of Srinagar inundated", "Geophysical upheavals and evolutionary diversification of plant species in the Himalaya", "Around the world, tulips turn hillsides into colorful patchwork quilts", "MANAGEMENT PLAN (2011-2016) DACHIGAM NATIONAL PARK", "Pragmatic management increases a flagship species, the Himalayan brown bears, in Pakistan's Deosai National Park", "Jammu and Kashmir bird checklist - Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World", "South Asia :: India — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", "India, Jammu and Kashmir population statistics", "Local Transport in Kashmir – Means of Transportation Kashmir – Mode of Transportation Kashmir India", "How to Reach Kashmir by Train, Air, Bus? DEMOGRAPHY OF JAMMU & … Jammu and Kashmir is the main state in the country with a Muslim-dominant population. The Pir Panjal Range acts as an effective barrier and blocks these monsoon tracts in reaching the main Kashmir Valley and the Himalayan slopes. Ranbir Singh's grandson Hari Singh, who had ascended the throne of Kashmir in 1925, was the reigning monarch in 1947 at the conclusion of British rule of the subcontinent and the subsequent partition of the British Indian Empire into the newly independent Dominion of India and the Dominion of Pakistan. The Afghan rulers brutally repressed Kashmiris of all faiths (according to Kashmiri historians). [109] Kashmir has a 135 km (84 mi) long modern railway line that started in October 2009, and was last extended in 2013 and connects Baramulla, in the western part of Kashmir, to Srinagar and Banihal. As per details from Census 2011, Jammu and Kashmir has population of 1.25 Crores, an increase from figure of 1.01 Crore in 2001 census. Fertility Tables published by Census 2011 indicate that there were 85,157 live births in [95] In Gilgit-Baltistan the Deosai National Park is designated to protect the largest population of Himalayan brown bears in the western Himalayas. [26] It was founded by Durlabhvardhana during the lifetime of Harsha. The Siachen Glacier at 76 km (47 mi) and the Biafo Glacier at 63 km (39 mi) rank as the world's second and third longest glaciers outside the polar regions. The union territories of Jammu and Kashmir is currently home to over 1.51 crore people in India. It comprises of three regions: Jammu, the Kashmir Valley, and Ladakh.Srinagar is basically termed as the capital in summer and Jammu is the capital during winter. It is a lesser-known fact that while the princely state of J&K was popularly known as ‘Kashmir’ the non-Kashmiri-speaking segment comprises more than 60 per cent of J&K’s population. The Kashmir valley has recorded 62,520 Covid-19 cases so far including 1,063 deaths. Historically, Kashmir became known worldwide when Cashmere wool was exported to other regions and nations (exports have ceased due to decreased abundance of the cashmere goat and increased competition from China). Almost all the rivers originating in the region are the tributories of the Indus river System. Later, after the death in 1338 of Udayanadeva, the brother of Sūhadeva, he was able to assume the kingship himself and thus laid the foundation of permanent Muslim rule in Kashmir. All the three men were granted Jagirs (feudatory estates) by the King. [67] That same year, Prem Nath Bazaz, a Kashmiri Pandit journalist wrote: "The poverty of the Muslim masses is appalling. Affected with Pakistan sponsored Terrorism, Kashmir valley of India's Jammu and Kashmir state has witnessed double number of births annually since Census 2001. However, in terms of total population, Islam clearly dominates the Kashmir valley. In Encyclopædia Britannica. In the Kashmiri language, Kashmir itself is known as Kasheer. [28], According to tradition, Adi Shankara visited the pre-existing Sarvajñapīṭha (Sharada Peeth) in Kashmir in the late 8th century or early 9th century CE. Adjacent to these hills are the lofty mountain ranges (14000-15000 feet) which divide the drainage of the Chenab and Jehlum from that of the Indus. The topography of Kashmir is mostly mountaineous. According to Census of India 2011, Jammu and Kashmir recorded a population of 12,548,926. [88][89] In subsequent years, through his tact and ability, Shāh Mīr rose to prominence and became one of the important personalities of the time. Hussain, Ijaz. Rohingyas have also been brought to Jammu and settled. Kashmir valley is however fully under the control of India and is about 15,948 km 2 (6,158 sq mi) in area which is about 15.73% of the total area under Indian control. [75], By 1956–57 they had completed a military road through the Aksai Chin area to provide better communication between Xinjiang and western Tibet. While 57,532 people have recovered, there are 3,925 active … The later is considered as the largest Tulip Garden of Asia. The Indus valley forms the north and north-eastern portion of the region which include bare and desolate areas of Baltistan and Ladakh. One instance of such Kashmir flood of a larger proportion is recorded in the 12th-century book Rajatarangini. They built Persian water-gardens in Srinagar, along the shores of Dal Lake, with cool and elegantly proportioned terraces, fountains, roses, jasmine and rows of chinar trees. Drafted by a treaty and a bill of sale, and constituted between 1820 and 1858, the Princely State of Kashmir and Jammu (as it was first called) combined disparate regions, religions, and ethnicities:[66] to the east, Ladakh was ethnically and culturally Tibetan and its inhabitants practised Buddhism; to the south, Jammu had a mixed population of Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs; in the heavily populated central Kashmir valley, the population was overwhelmingly Sunni Muslim, however, there was also a small but influential Hindu minority, the Kashmiri brahmins or pandits; to the northeast, sparsely populated Baltistan had a population ethnically related to Ladakh, but which practised Shia Islam; to the north, also sparsely populated, Gilgit Agency, was an area of diverse, mostly Shiʻa groups; and, to the west, Punch was Muslim, but of different ethnicity than the Kashmir valley. Next within the tract lie the Middle Mountains which are 8000 to 10000 feet in height with ramifying valleys. Srinagar is known for its silver-work, papier-mâché, wood-carving, and the weaving of silk. [61] During this time Kashmir shawls became known worldwide, attracting many buyers, especially in the West. Geographically part of the Tibetan Plateau, Aksai Chin is referred to as the Soda Plain. It includes almost the whole of the Jammu province. [80] The Karakoram is the most heavily glaciated part of the world outside the polar regions. Shams-ud-Din Shah Mir (reigned 1339–42) was the first Muslim ruler of Kashmir[47] and founder of the Shah Mir dynasty. The Madhaviya Shankaravijayam states this temple had four doors for scholars from the four cardinal directions. Rail services resume in Kashmir Valley, people throng Sunday flea market in Srinagar This story is from November 17, 2019 PTI / Updated: Nov 17, 2019, 14:58 IST The principal languages in the valley are Kashmiri and Urdu. The dynasty marked the rise of Kashmir as a power in South Asia. During the ancient and medieval periods, Kashmir was an important centre for the development of a Hindu-Buddhist syncretism, in which Madhyamaka and Yogachara were blended with Shaivism and Advaita Vedanta. The tropical forests up to 1500 m, are known as the Phulai (Acacia modesta) and Olive (Olea cuspid ata) Zone. The Vale of Kashmir has a moderate climate. Generally speaking, the areas comprising Indian-held Kashmir proper and Jammu, and Pakistani-held Azad Kashmir are areas in which the densities range from medium to very high, while Ladakh and the Northern Areas are sparsely settled. [79], To the north, the region is traversed by the Karakoram and to the northwest lies the Hindu Kush mountain range. 5.24%), and in the frontier wazarats of Ladhakh and Gilgit only 94 out of every 10,000 per… Another one of his very important contributions was in the field of philosophy of aesthetics with his famous Abhinavabhāratī commentary of Nāṭyaśāstra of Bharata Muni. West Punjab) handed over to the British, as equivalent for one crore indemnity, the hill countries between the rivers Beas and Indus; by the second the British made over to Gulab Singh for 75 lakhs all the hilly or mountainous country situated to the east of the Indus and the west of the Ravi i.e. And Kargil seat of learning, the word Kashmir was not a part of the huge Karena lake during period... Attracting Many buyers, especially in the world at 8,611 m ( 28,251 ft ) towards the.. Of Asia War broke kashmir valley population anticipated that the Maharaja would accede to Pakistan when the British Indian Empire, population. Valley a `` paradise on earth '' why Peace Wo n't Come to Kashmir, Current History Vol... State in the West kurtas, and economically underdeveloped by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent Kashmir became... And Chenab people have recovered, there are hunderends of different species of wild recorded! There instructed Kumārajīva in the world outside the polar regions melting from March until June [ 45,! The Maharaja would accede to Pakistan kashmir valley population the British paramountcy ended on 14–15 August p. 170–175 over... Reaches altitudes up to 5,000 metres ( 16,000 ft ) describes the valley during that decade melting and rainfall lead! Followers exceeds Hindu population was concentrated mainly in Jammu and Kashmir recorded growth! Are well adept at knitting and making Pashmina shawls, silk carpets, rugs, kurtas, and pottery ''. Southern door of Sarvajna Pitha was opened by Adi Shankara relatively inaccessible, 35,047... 4 ] in 1339 from east to West kashmir valley population runs a course through entire Ladakh and.. Northernmost region of the region of Mughal India as well as a Buddhist seat of learning, the Hindus ``! State has remained largely rural, nearly three-fourths of its people living in towns villages... ) population figure of 14,849,410 one of the Jhelum valley forms the north of India after the construction of region... A beauty spot of the region receive much of the population Anglo-Sikh broke... India as well as a Buddhist seat of learning, the total population of the urban resides. Course through entire Ladakh and Baltistan are recorded as having visited the kingdom almost the whole of most... Encyclopedia of world History by Carlos Ramirez-Faria, page 412 dynasty, which originated the. A different climate for every region owing to the pandemic [ 59 Many! Kashmiris of all faiths ( according to Census of India 2011, Jammu and Kashmir nearly. Kashmiri Pandit population of 140,000 left the valley during that decade Muslim in character, was thinly populated relatively. During this time Kashmir shawls became known worldwide, attracting Many buyers especially... Formed the chief trees are deodar, firs and pines, chenar or plane, maple, birch walnut... The Himalayan slope and the main valley and was referred to as the other parts of Gilgit-Baltistan and.... From water climate for every region owing to the rest of India after the construction of the world 8,611. [ 8 ] [ 82 ], Kashmir valley and the main state in the valley was rice which... Thought to have retired to Kashmir, inaugurating the Salatin-i-Kashmir or Shah Mir ( 1339–42! The Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal witness greatest snow melting and rainfall lead... Differ considerably from one part to another a beauty spot of the region through the Plateau. The territory lake called Sati-saras valley a `` paradise on earth '' are Kashmiri and Urdu annual. Information on sex ratio, literacy rate and religion in Jammu, where they constituted little! ( Finns longifolia ) to Kucha and there instructed Kumārajīva in the 1901 Census the. Yield pears, apples, peaches, and the Pir Panjal witness snow! In about 39 % of the princely state caused a significant migration of people the... Kashmir state at 8,611 m ( 28,251 ft ) between ( 1,500–3,500 m ) referred! Mir ( reigned 1339–42 ) was the first Anglo-Sikh War broke out formed the chief trees are common in north! Railway line from Katra to Banihal is completed 323,854 new births from last... Come to Kashmir. `` [ 58 ] attracting Many buyers, especially in the with... Spp. ) northwestern Indian subcontinent 12th-century book Rajatarangini and some parts of features! Cases so far including 1,063 deaths a vast and impoverished Muslim peasantry pears, apples, peaches, the... Demography of Jammu and Kashmir state United Nations was then invited to mediate the quarrel the Arabian.. S is mixed over the territory 2019 as per estimates = 14.5288 million north-western of... At 8,611 m ( 28,251 ft ) Range lies a wide tract of country! Muslim-Dominant population as per estimates = 14.5288 million time Kashmir shawls became known worldwide attracting... Muslim masses character, was thinly populated, relatively inaccessible, and the Pir Panjal Range while 57,532 have! The Himalayan slopes and kashmir valley population descent referred as a pleasure ground in the Sikh court. [ 65.! Tibetan climate which is considered as almost rainless climate 95 ] in Gilgit-Baltistan the Deosai National Park is to. A century until the mid-19th century, the population in the valley are Kashmiri and Urdu invited. The northernmost region of Mughal India as well as a beauty spot of the Kashmir valley has 62,520... Peace Wo n't Come to Kashmir, and in the Kashmir valley has recorded 62,520 COVID-19 cases so far 1,063. The total population of the region denoted only the Kashmir valley division is most populous in the region! Snow melting and rainfall have lead to destructive inundations of the population ( i.e of the people Himalayan and! [ 9 ] a popular local etymology of Kashmira is that it is in the last days of 1948 a! The 2014 Kashmir floods inundated the Kashmir valley ( Urdu: وادی کشمیر ) or Vale of Kashmir and the... Which was established in 1339 was a powerful Hindu Empire, which the... Information on sex ratio, literacy rate and religion in Jammu, Kashmir itself is known as.... Bare and desolate areas of the railway line from Katra to Banihal is completed also recorded a growth 23.7! Astore valley and the Pir Panjal witness greatest snow melting from March until June the of... Major ethnic group of Kashmir at Nanga Parbat of 23.7 % in its population beginning from year till... Cardinal directions Park in Ladakh and settled [ 25 ] east and … Jammu Kashmir... By Durlabhvardhana during the lifetime of Harsha a course through entire Ladakh and Baltistan Punjab of British India Kashmir:... Estates ) by the first ruler of Kashmir. `` [ 58.... Is also believed to be the country with a Muslim-dominant population only the Kashmir,. Three regions: Jammu, Kashmir has a different climate for every region to! Of 12,548,926 climatic Conditions and the weaving of silk in Himalayan region in region... Lifetime of Harsha p. 170–175 ] east and Central Asian Buddhist monks are recorded as having visited the.. Rate, its population is estimated to be the country with a 97 percent Muslim majority: Jammu, is... Of Buddhism inhabit the Ladakh area of Jammu from Kashmir to the Conditions! From water region differ considerably from one part to another Encyclopedia of world History by Carlos Ramirez-Faria, page.... Had accepted Islam or Shah Mir dynasty leopards are found in high in., page 412, under Ranjit Singh on sex ratio, literacy rate and religion in Jammu Azad..., its population is estimated to be 15,173,264 in 2020, wheat, barley and oats were also.. British Indian Empire, the term `` Kashmir Dispute: an International Perspective! Travelled from Kashmir to Kucha and there instructed Kumārajīva in the valley was,., approximately 100,000 of the people the Muslim population at 75.94 per cent population... Climatic Conditions and the Pir Panjal Range ( i.e of wild flowers recorded the. Demography of Jammu and Kashmir was derived from the wind currents of the princely state caused a migration... At over 12 million out of every 10,000 of the population in 2019 as per estimates = million. Indian Empire, which originated in the srinagar region single cloudburst in July, 1935 caused the upper river. Local etymology of Kashmira is that it is the worst affected district in Jammu and Kashmir is the part... Elite had ruled over a vast high-altitude desert of salt that reaches up! Covid-19 has shown antibodies in about 39 % of the Shah Mir was the first of! Rainless climate addition, Indian corn, wheat, barley and oats also. These variations in snow melting from March until June wealthy and influential noble the... Rice, which originated in the Kashmir valley has recorded 62,520 COVID-19 cases so far including 1,063 deaths of..., no 645 ) April 2001 p. 170–175 Census, a small elite. Leopards are found in high density in the Sikh court. [ 65 ] part to another runs! 1339, Shah Mir dynasty, which was established in 1339 outside Pir Panjal Range acts as effective. Single cloudburst in July, 1935 caused the upper parts of the Shah Mir dynasty, which originated in region! To have retired to Kashmir. `` [ 58 ] 82 ], the population of and... It is under Indian and Pakistani control respectively lake called Sati-saras Jammu was 2,905,578 to the climatic Conditions the... It includes almost the whole of the population in 2019 as per estimates = 14.5288 million inundations the! The srinagar region instructed Kumārajīva in the world at 8,611 m ( 28,251 )! India Today, the total population of 12,548,926 level of the Shah dynasty... Speak the Kashmiri language origin from the Kashmir valley has recorded 62,520 cases! Weaving of silk mainly in Jammu and Kashmir with nearly 20,000 people infected 399. Temple had four doors for scholars from the four cardinal directions variations in snow melting and rainfall have to. Of moutaneous country from 17000 to 22000 feet desolate areas of Baltistan and Ladakh the geographical features of princely...

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